Chinese robot "quack" have been divided into four major sects of the four corners of the world "".
Ministry CCID Institute recently released the 2016 edition of "China robot industry development white paper" (hereinafter referred to as the "white paper"), said China robot industry has formed around Bohai, the Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta and the Midwest four regional clusters.
White paper predicts that China's industrial robots are expected to continue to maintain the new machine is expected to continue to grow at a faster rate, an increase of 30%. However, the domestic robot enterprises to achieve long-term development, the need to break through the ability of independent innovation is not strong, the bias in favor of low-end products.
The formation of the four industrial clusters
White paper pointed out that in the dual role of demand expansion and policy incentives, China's robotics industry has formed four regional clusters.
These four regional clusters are in the north of the Bohai rim region, the Pearl River Delta in the south, the eastern Yangtze River Delta and the Midwest, showing a relatively rapid development momentum. Among them, the Bohai research institutions get together, strong R & D capability; the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta region with strong industrial base, large market space.
The white paper will be attributed to the formation of the aforementioned four industrial clusters attributed to the industrial base.
Bohai area in Beijing, Harbin, Shenyang as the representative, scientific research strength, research institutions, Chinese Academy of Sciences Shenyang Automation Research Institute, Harbin Institute of technology, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, has made remarkable achievements in scientific research in the robot, has the advantage of talent cultivation. The advantage of the Yangtze River Delta lies in the strong foundation of the electronic information technology industry, which is a necessary condition for the development of the robotics industry. The Pearl River Delta region has a large manufacturing industry, the production line upgrade needs to make the robot application has broad space. And Wuhan, Changsha, Chongqing as the representative of the central and western regions, relying on external scientific and technological resources, derived from many leading enterprises in the industry.
However, the aforementioned four industrial agglomeration area is not completely separated, but there is an interactive relationship.
Several insiders told reporters in twenty-first Century economic report, the robot research and development institutions and enterprises of high quality, most industrial machinery research background, mainly concentrated in the central area of Bohai, while the market demand is the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta region. With the outbreak of the robotics industry in recent years, Shenyang SIASUN, Dalian machine tool companies to set up subsidiaries and other ways have moved through technical cooperation, is a big case, landing in Shanghai, Zhuhai and other places of Shenyang SIASUN.
In this regard, Zhang Xu, Secretary General of the Guangdong Robot Association, said the research team close to the market, help to market demand for research and development, thus combining technical advantages and market advantages.
How to solve the problem of independent innovation?
The development of domestic robots to further, they have to face the problem of independent innovation.
The white paper lists the five major problems of the current domestic robots, namely, independent innovation ability is not strong, the product is mainly in the low-end, independent brand recognition is not high and industry standards to be further standardized.
Among the five problems, the ability of independent innovation is difficult, because the brand recognition and product quality can be traced back to the technical level of the enterprise. The difficulty of independent innovation in the aforementioned four industrial clusters in the layout has been revealed. In the four regions, only the ability to develop and research around the Bohai region, other regions also need to feed back in the Bohai region, the shortcomings of the Midwest industrial cluster is the lack of scientific and technological resources.
In the "white paper" robot technology level of 14 items in the assessment of China only 2 items were assessed as "advanced", the rest are backward". Japan, the United States, Europe, most of the results are "advanced" and "very advanced".
Twenty-first Century economic report reporter learned that the current practice in many domestic robots, buy foreign body, after the introduction of technology, system programming to sell to the market, lower than the price of similar products abroad makes these enterprises to usher in rapid expansion. But in the industry view, in the long run, this play will eventually play when not turn.
Li Boji, deputy chief engineer of Guangzhou CNC Equipment Co., Ltd., worried that the domestic robot companies may go on the road after the outbreak of the first outbreak of the CNC machine tool industry downturn. CNC machine tool industry has been the local enterprises against foreign enterprises, the momentum was rapid. In recent years, the overall change in the size of the machine tool industry is not large, but the local enterprises began to be the market of foreign enterprises "counterattack", the reason is that although the domestic cheap but easy to bad.
Zhang Xu pointed out that the crisis is that the domestic robot enterprises, when the market is close to saturation, overseas enterprises have a substantial price reduction, local enterprises have fallen no drop.